Peering in India

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What is Peering?

Peering is a process by which two Internet networks connect and exchange traffic.  In Simple terms, Peering is the direct interconnection between the networks namely content providers, Content Delivery Networks (CDN), DNS root servers, Telecommunications, Internet Service Providers, IPTV networks and other networks for the exchange of traffic between the networks.  Networks come together to interconnect and directly exchange traffic. Peering makes the Internet more affordable and faster for the end user. For Peering it is Necessary to has own Autonomous system number.

Types of Peering

  • Public Peering

Public peering is done through an Internet exchange, which is more common and more efficient. An Internet exchange is an Ethernet switch (or set of Ethernet switches) in a colocation facility, which all the networks peering in the facility connect to. This one offers Direct ISP Peering.

        Using an Internet exchange, a network can peer with many other networks through a single connection. ex. Mumbai IX, DE-CIX etc

  • Private Peering

  Two networks put routers in the same building, but run a direct cable between them rather than connecting via the exchange point switch.  This is most useful when the networks are exchanging a large volume of traffic, which won’t fit on a shared connection to an exchange point.

Why Peering?

  • Cheaper to hand off traffic.
  • Greater control over traffic flows.
  • Peering can keep traffic local and improve performance.
  • Peering can keep traffic local, providing faster connections between the two networks.
  • 80-90 per cent Bandwidth savings.
  • Low latency.

 Advantages of Peering

  • Reduces ongoing transit costs.
  • The new peer setup cost is lower than new transit setup cost.
  • Lower transit provider significance.
  • Improved troubleshooting.
  • Peering can lower latency and congestion.
  • Direct BGP Peering with CDN's.
  • With Route Server Peering direct access to connected peers.
  • Traffic can be managed to be regional.
  • Peering can improve security.
  • Additional logic paths between AS.
  • Additional physical paths between AS.

Current Peering Scenario in India

India has Two major Peering points at the moment, Mumbai Internet Exchange (Mumbai CH ) and National Internet Exchange in India. Mumbai CH is open to anyone with ASN while NIXI is only open for networks who have the license to operate in India. NIXI has 77 members as we speak while Mumbai CH has above 160+ Live members.

The National Internet Exchange of India (NIXI) is a government non-profit company established in 2003 to provide neutral Internet Exchange Point services in India. It was established under section 25 of the Companies Act 1956, with the Internet Service Providers Association of India (ISPAI) to become the operational meeting point of Internet service providers (ISPs) in India. It was registered on 19 July 2003. purpose of routing domestic traffic within the country instead of all the way taking outside the country resulting in reduced latency and reduced bandwidth charges for ISPs saving on International bandwidth.

The work NIXI is doing in India

NIXI is the neutral meeting point of all ISPs in India. It facilitates the domestic Internet traffic between peering ISPs members saving on international bandwidth making affordable and accessible.

NIXI is operating and managing.IN Registry. Indian Registry for Internet Names and Numbers (IRINN) division of NIXI provides registration and allocation of IP addresses and AS numbers.

About Mumbai Internet Exchange

Mumbai IX is India's Largest Internet Exchange previously Known as Mumbai Convergence Hub or Mumbai CH or MCH. Mumbai IX have 160+ Connected Internet service providers, Content Delivery Networks & DNS Root Servers. Mumbai IX Serves as true private IXP in providing Interconnection services. Mumbai IX offers Bilateral Peering & Route Server Peering.

Mumbai IX also provide assistance to those Entrepreneurs or Cable TV Operators who are Looking to start their own ISP. for more details check Mumbai IX Services
For more detail Click Here: How to Start Own ISP in India.
To read in Hindi Click Here: भारत में अपनी खुद की आईएसपी कंपनी कैसे आरंभ करें!

Mumbai IX also provide assistance to ISP's to get the ASN No. You can also get a consultation through Mumbai IX for AS number. Our team will help you to get ASN with fewer efforts. To get consultation for ASN: Email at
You can also apply for ASN directly by going to APNIC and IRINN websites.

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